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EMBRAER ERJ 145 for sale

 

EMBRAER ERJ 145 for sale information

ERJ-145 -medium-haul passenger aircraft for local airlines, developed by Brazilian company Embraer. Sensation was that the market for planes of local airlines ERJ-145 (formerly LCU-145) suddenly showed excellent performance data. Today newcomer involved in competing with other 50-seat aircraft, but after the announcement of its relatively low selling price, he immediately attracted the attention of the regional airline industry.

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More about EMBRAER ERJ 145 for sale

The Brazilian machines began in the late 1980-ies at the same time as the similar aircraft “Jet” Rinal firm “Scorer” and “SAAB 2000″. But a gap happened: while engineers of “Embraer” puzzled over where to place the firm Allison engines-over or under the wing, two other competing firms have escaped far ahead. And even after eventually settled on placing the engines in the rear fuselage, financial difficulties and began at the end of 1994 the 20th privatization for several years delayed the ongoing work on the ERJ-145.

This economic stumble allowed two major competitors developers ERJ-145 to establish close contacts with a number of major airlines serving domestic flights. This resulted in the first flight of the “Regional Jet” took place in 1989, and in 1992-m began its operation. While operators were such reputable companies as “Komjer”, “sq and SkyWest” and “Lufthansa”. “SAAB 2000″ there have been some complications. It was created almost at the same time as the “Regional Jet”, but a number of significant improvements delayed commissioning of the turboprop aircraft until mid-1994. But the ERJ-145 exceeded all expectations in his success. One of the main ways of attracting attention to him its airlines relatively low price. The base price of the aircraft has been installed in 15 million dollars. United States. The price of the “Regional Jet”, for example, is around 19.5 million dollars. However, the price is the main factor when choosing aircraft, an equally important role play and flight technical data maintenance and flight support. So let’s take a closer look at the “Brazilian” more closely.

Test pilot David North remembers: “as I expected, the ERJ-145 bearing the number” 3 “pre-flight check which I spent in the parking lot, was very similar to a turboprop aircraft manufactured by” Imbrjeer “LCU-120″ Brazil “. He had a similar fuselage and nose, however, large fuselage length gave a balance of its proportions, resulting in the plane looks very beautiful. And even relatively large turbojet engines nacelle “Allison” is in no way detracts from its appearance. ” Head of flight operation firm “Imbrjeer” Gilberto Shhittini, who was supposed to fly together with test pilot, instructed Nortu himself to conduct pre-flight checks. Together they had the opportunity to perform not one test flight. Have worked together on educational and training “Tucano” affordable business-class CBA-123.

While the North was engaged in pre-flight preparation, Shhittini told him about some of the features of the ERJ-145. However, even before the test pilot of the aircraft was examined and informed regarding its design. For example, the main landing gear are located “on a break” the Centre of gravity of the machine in the vicinity of the trailing edge of the wing, which is very convenient for landing. In the North have already ascertained during its only flight and landing at Dallise. Pre-flight inspection Nortu an extremely simplified still and the fact that, in accordance with the ideology of design ERJ-145 aimed at limiting the ease of exploitation, all work areas are easily accessible and convenient for maintenance. Was here and one feature: pilot a plane bearing the number “3” engines were equipped with reverse thrust mechanism of firm “Gamesa”. Later on the same installation of this mechanism should be decided by the desire of the customer.

The thing that reverses the installation increases the mass of the aeroplane at 116 kg, while the price of approximately 350 thousand. But, of course, creates more opportunities of aircraft operation, especially at airports with limited RUNWAY length. Climbing aboard, David North surprised noticed that when his growth more than 180 cm, it can not being bent, stand in the aisle. Chairs were arranged in three rows, one on the left and two to the right in increments of 790 mm. Aisle between seating width 480 mm, according to the company “Imbrjeer”, is the biggest among the aircraft of this class. The basic layout of the ERJ-145 includes toilet in the rear compartment and a kitchen block right on the course, near the rear service door. Opposite the main entrance door at the front of the cabin provides a wardrobe and place for carry-on baggage. Firm “Imbrjeer” many worked-noise propulsion systems and pumps. Around the wheel tyres were put special brushes for noise reduction with open folds of the chassis.

So North and Shhittini sit in a spacious cabin. They had to perform an hour-long flight, similar to the model for local airlines. Compared to its predecessor and ERJ-145 turboprop “Brazil”, increased cabin length 46 cm. It installed a rumble seat, and there was enough space to put “diplomats” and bags. Very comfortable armchair pilots produced the French firm “Sikma”, although the flight was not very long, the pilots appreciated their great comfort: you can adjust the height and move aside. The North sent a plane to RUNWAY airport Dallis. During taxiing the plane was very mobile, and the brakes of the firm “Goodrich” worked perfectly: not squealed and acted very gently. Shhittini has already calculated the speed at which you cannot abort the takeoff, the lift-off speed front-222 km/h and a safe takeoff speed is 233 km/h North increased traction prior to takeoff. During the short run during the initial period of management produced front wheel, the rudder. The length of the bar, necessary for takeoff, was equal to 1160 m.

Reaching a height of 7.6 miles, pilots tested the device at a speed of 540 km/h this value was recognized by the developers, as temporary current limitation for new aircraft of this type. But dependable traction and possibility of airframe later assumed easily increase the amount of cruising speed to Mach 0.85 with a valid double overload. Testers ventured to these values. Without shaking. Further flight tests have shown that the maximum flight range corresponds to a cruise speed of 440 km/h and at an altitude of 7.5 km, with fuel consumption 840 kg/h. Calculated range serial ERJ-145 was about 1500 km. But now is considered a variant of the aircraft with a range of 2300 km. And he will have on the big take-off mass 1360 kg. When the stall modes appearing in flight speed 180 km/h and 22° attack angle machine shows no sign of shaking.

For this reason, the ERJ-145 specially installed warning system shaking and forced disconnect steering wheel. Later, during the ERJ-145 of demonstration flights in the United States were given the opportunity to try out the machine many regional pilots. And surprisingly, there were very few comments. They all basically boiled down to changes in the cockpit. In particular, due to the poor performance of temperature sensors has had several failures in the system of heating the glass cockpit. It was also noted that in the computer centralized system several times there have been false reports about cracks. The reason for this was the differences between computers for signalling system failures. But with engines manufactured by the company “Allison” was no problems during flight testing, neither during the tour of the United States.

The pilots were very satisfied with the instrument landing system for the new aircraft. After you configure the images, they were convinced that the symbols adopted by the firm “Honeywell” to display information on the primary display system of flight control, simply gorgeous. The fact of the matter is that the other firms have pilots had difficulty with reading speed reduction, which could lead to trouble. As the pilots fly the ERJ-145 is very nice. Speed at the end of the landing, due to high wing mechanization, small, only 220 km/h and when touch-210. Minimum runway length required in landing no more than 1200 m. ERJ-145, according to experts, has the graceful modern streamlined shape, with protruding forward fuselage. The last reason is consideration of maintaining a range of centerings, because engines are located in the fuselage near the tail.

The fuselage is cylindrical D = 2.1 m with a very pointed nose, which are RADAR and instrument compartment. Flight deck is spacious with a vast area of glazing that ensures excellent pilots air review. In the vestibule of the fuselage is folding ladder for boarding passengers, kitchen unit with refrigerating compartment with wardrobes. Further extends passenger cabin with the 36-th portholes on 50 seats. At the bottom, the underground part of the fuselage, mounted fuel tanks designed to 4250 kg of fuel. In the middle of the passenger compartment in the area of the wing are two emergency exit. Wing-profile dvuhlonzheronnoe “Clark” with an angle of 30° sweep, a total area of 51.2 M2 and extending 7.8. The configuration design of the decompression has two brake flap. Tailplane-“t”-shaped. Braking of the aircraft after landing exercises and also reverse system devices located on two jet engines AE 7A 300 BY-PASS TURBOJET ENGINE thrust on each TC 3.4. Overall management system-rigid, hinged lever. A characteristic feature of aircraft: keel and stabilizer, and consequently their rudders are not large in area.

Provided with modern aircraft anti-icing device and fire-fighting equipment. Trehstoechnoe chassis with a nose wheel, on two wheels on each rack. Bow prop retracted forward to go, major-redesign. ERJ-145 is manufactured on modern technology: 55% of its design consists of djuraljuminievyh alloys, 5%-steel components, 35% composite materials. The ERJ-145 “Primus 1000 AVIONICS installed” firm “Honeywell” with five monitors. The location of the devices in the instrument easy and convenient, small-sized screens. This equipment was previously worked on other experienced aircraft. ERJ-145 serial have the screens displayed aircraft systems and schemes in the first place, air navigation company Honeywell and navigation system “Trimbol”, or combined system of air navigation and satellite navigation company Honeywell. ERJ-145 certification in the United States held at the end of 1996, and in Europe at the beginning of 1997. The first new planes began to have a French Regional airline Airlines “, then-Australian” FlajtUjest “, British” Indijest West Airlines and Eastern Trade Danish Airlines “.

One of the secrets of success of “Imbrjeera” is a reliable partnership with firms “Allied Signal”, “Goodrich”, “Sikma”, “Lucas aerospace and ABG Semka”. Today “Imbrjeer” offers various modifications of his aircraft for passenger and freight transport, search and rescue flights, maritime patrol and others. Many aviation experts and find Brazilian ERJ-145 aircraft more than a happy middle class.

ModificationERJ-145
Wingspan, m20.04
Aircraft length, m29.87
Aircraft height, m6.75
Wing area m251.19
Mass, kg
an empty plane11152
Max takeoff22000
fuel (LR)4173 (4983)
Engine type2 Allison AE 3007A TURBOFANS
Thrust, kN2 x 32.75
Cruising speed, km/h833
Economical speed, km/h667
Range, km
with 50 passengers (LR)3037
(c) 50 passengers (ER)2445
Service ceiling, m11277
Crew, pers2
Payload48-50 passengers or cargo 5660 kg commercial

 

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