Boeing 777 for sale
Boeing 777 for sale information
Length: 73,9 m (63,7 m)
Height: 18,7 m.
Wingspan: 64,81 m.
Weight of empty: 166881 kg. (142900 kg.)
Cruiser speed: 910 км. / h.
Maximum speed: 955 км. / h.
Flying range: 10200 km. (10745 km.)
Diameter of the fuselage: 6,20 m.
Ceiling: 13100 m.
Number of passenger seats: 301-550 places.
Crew: 2 persons
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Boeing 777 – the long-haul widebody plane, is one of the largest two-engine liners in the world. The Boeing company considers this plane the most consumer focused in the world as airlines and passengers took part in its creation.
Boeing 777 — a two-engine airliner, distant with the wide fuselage. The plane has more than three hundred passenger seats and depending on version can fly on distance from 9695 kilometers to 21560 kilometers. Its characteristic is existence of jet engines with the largest diameter in the world. These are about 3,5 meters. Before construction of the plane consultations with eight leading air carriers were held. The first meeting of group took place in January, 1990. It included such airlines as: “Japan Airlines”, “American Airlines”, British Airways, “Cathay Pacific Airways”, “Delta Airlines”, “All Nippon Airways”, “Qantas United Airlines”.
Boeing 777 was developed to replace widebody cars of the previous generation, and also to fill a niche a boundary with the Boeing 767 and Boeing 747 models. It is one of the first planes from the Boeing aircraft-building company Fly by Wire equipped with a digital control system. And also it is the first commercial plane for passenger traffic developed by means of computer technologies. Separate components of the plane were developed by means of the software of the 3D CAD CATIA developed by IBM and Dassault Systemes.
On October 14th, 1990 the United Airlines company made the first order for 34 Boeing 777 cars, worth 11 billion dollars. on January 4th, 1993 began to make the first “threefold the seven”. And on April 9th, 1994 the first Boeing 777 with serial number WA001 was made. The first flight took place on June 12th the same year. Test flights were carried out the next eleven months. Nine planes were tested in different climatic conditions from droughty deserts on the basis of the Air Force Edwards in California, to cold Alaska. on April 19th, 1995 after passing of all tests, the Boeing 777 received the certificate on the validity to flights from Federal flight steering (FAA) and from the Joint aviation administration (JAA).
Boeing 777 is available in two options of length. The basic model 772-200 having length of 63,7 meters, which came to operation in air carrier “United Airlines” in 1995. After two years the model with an expanded radius of flight – was produced 777-200ER (Extended Range). For the first time this model came to operation in the British Airways company the Second Boeing 777 option it is model 777-300. It is extended on 10,1 meters in comparison with model 777-200, the version which allows to place up to 550 passenger chairs. This version began to fly since 1998.
In 2004 there was a version – 777-300ER. This version allowed to make longer flights than 777-300. And in 2006 in airline I looked down Boeing 777-200LR (Longer Range). At this time it became the passenger liner with the biggest flying range. This model received the name “Worldliner”. And since 2009 cargo Boeing 777F (Freighter) began to fly. Models 777F, 777-300ER and 777-200LR are equipped with General Electric GE90-115B engines. Also for drop of fuel consumption curved zakontsovka of a side panel became a little more. All other models are equipped with engines GE90, Pratt & Whitney PW4000, or RollsRoyce Trent-800 engines. The cabin of pilots is equipped with multipurpose Honeywell LCD screens. Side panels settle down at an angle 31,6 degrees that 0,83 moves allow to achieve optimum cruiser speed. Each tire 777-300ER of the main racks of the chassis can bear freight of nearly 27 tons. Also there is a version for the Air Force. It is the KS-777 model used as the air fuel-servicing truck.
After 2000 Boeing 777 became the most sold model of the producer of the same name. The most widespread option which is got by airlines is model 777-200ER.
In the early seventies, demand for air transportation grew at big rates and airlines urgently needed planes with a big capacity. So the first generation of widebody planes was born: Boeing 747, McDonnell Douglas DC-10 and Lockheed L-1011 TriStar. In 1978, after careful probe of the market and inquiries of airlines, Boeing submitted three new projects: economic two-engine 757 (developed on replacement to respectable Boeing 727), long-haul two-engine 767 (to throw down a challenge to Airbus A300), and also the three-engine concept 777 (for the competition to DC-10 and L-1011). As a result models 757 and 767 were successfully debuted, and the project 777 was winded down till the best times due to the lack of demand.
By the end of the 1980th, the situation in the market exchanged, old planes lost the relevance, and airlines needed in new, more economic. At the same time, Boeing conducted researches which predicted further increase in demand for widebody planes. Thus, sharply there was a need to have the plane which would be in a niche between Boeing 767-300ER and Boeing 747-400.
Competitors didn’t relax too. McDonnell Douglas was going to replace DC-10 with its extended version of MD-11. Airbus worked on family of the widebody A330 and A340 planes.
Development of Boeing 777
First Boeing planned to take as a basis 767 and to process it therefore the concept so-called 767-X appeared. He in many respects reminded 767, but had the extended fuselage, covered the increased area and could transport about 340 passengers on distance to 13,5 thousand kilometers.
However, airlines were dissatisfied. They wanted the plane capable to fly not only on intercontinental, but also on shorter distances, with the configuration of interior similar to Boeing 747 which, besides, could be changed, adding or cleaning the necessary number of places interior of this or that class. Drop of costs of operation was one more necessary condition — they would have to be much lower, than at Boeing 767. As a result the original project was considerably processed.
In 1988, Boeing submitted the two-engine Boeing 777 project. Airlines showed to it interest, and since December, 1989 sales of the plane began.
Process of design 777 considerably differed from last experience of Boeing. For the first time for history of firm, eight large airlines (All Nippon Airways, American Airlines, British Airways, Cathay Pacific Airways, Delta Air Lines, Japan Airlines, Qantas and United Airlines) took part in design of the plane, helping recommendations. Process, represented creation of the working group under the name “We Work Together” (“Working Together”) which first meeting took place in January, 1990. Airlines created the list of recommendations on the basis of the needs and polls of passengers.
In March, 1990, the working group made the decision, on a basic configuration of the plane: the cabin of pilots has to be unified with Boeing 747, it is necessary to equip it with liquid-crystal displays and steering of Fly-By-Wire, the toplivoeffektivnost of the plane has to be 10% better than at competitors (A330 and MD-11).
Further, Boeing admitted that it thanks to this help, 777 became the most consumer focused plane in the world.
The huge plant in the city of Everett, State of Washington, that, constructed in the mid-sixties for production 747 was chosen as the place of production of Boeing 777.
From the interesting facts it is, also, worth noting that Boeing 777 became the first commercial airliner for 100% developed on computers. For all the time of its development any paper drawing wasn’t exhausted, everything was made by means of the three-dimensional design system known as the CATIA now. The plane was previously assembled in the computer that allowed to avoid a large number of mistakes by production.
On October 14, 1990, United Airlines became the first customer of Boeing 777. The airline placed the order for 34 planes (with the option for 34 more planes).
In the course of production Boeing 777 the unprecedented number of subcontractors from around the world took part. The Mitsubishi Heavy Industries and Kawasaki Heavy Industries companies deliver to the panel of the fuselage, Fuji Heavy Industries, Ltd – the central section of a side panel, Hawker de Havilland – elevators, Aerospace Technologies of Australia – a direction wheel etc.
As for engines, the services offered three companies General Electric, Pratt & Whitney and Rolls-Royce. Each of producers undertook development of the engine with a power of 77000 pounds (340 kN) and above.
To begin assembly 777, Boeing was, practically, necessary to double the area of the plant in the city of Everett. It cost the company almost 1,5 billion dollars. On new squares two assembly lines which allow to rotate an aircraft fuselage by 180 degrees were built.
Assembly of the first Boeing 777 began on January 4, 1993. By then, 118 solid orders from 10 airlines aboard the plane arrived. The total amount of investments into the program made more than 4 billion dollars.
First flight and certification
On April 9, 1994, from a hangar rolled out the first Boeing 777 with serial number WA001. Was going to look on the first copy at more than 100 000 guests.
The first flight of Boeing 777 took place on June 12, 1994, under control of the chief test pilot of Boeing, John Keshmen (John E. Cashman). Then the 11-month program of tests of the plane which, in comparison with the previous models, had to become the most saturated began.
On April 19, 1995, the plane was certified by the Federal Aviation Administration of the USA (FAA).
Commercial operation of the plane began on May 15, 1995 when the United Airlines airline received the first Boeing 777.
Approximately at the same time the liner was certified by the rules ETOPS-180 (a safety regulation of flights according to which the route of the two-engined plane has to be laid within no more than 180 minutes of flight to the nearest airfield where it would be possible to crash-land in case of refusal one of engines).
Production and versions
After a debut of original model 777-200, the Boeing company started development of the version with the increased take-off weight and flying range. Originally the name 777-200IGW was appropriated to model (Increased Gross Weight – the increased take-off weight), but after it reduced to 777-200ER (Extended Range – the increased range).
The first flight of Boeing 777-200ER made on October 7, 1996, and its commercial operation began on February 9, 1997 in British Airways airline.
On April 2, 1997, Boeing 777-200ER belonging to Malaysia Airlines airline made record non-stop flight from Seattle (USA) in Kuala Lampur (Malaysia), on distance of 20,044 km, flight continued 21 hours 23 minutes.
After introduction to a system 777-200ER, the Boeing began development of the extended version. On October 16, 1997, Boeing 777-300 went to the first flight. In general, before emergence of Airbus A340-600, 777-300 I was the longest passenger plane in the world (total length – 73,9 m). In comparison with 777-200, capacity was increased by 20%. Commercial operation of the liner began on May 27, 1998 in Cathay Pacific airline.
On February 29, 2000, Boeing offered airlines new development 777-300ER, the plane with the increased capacity and flying range. On February 24, 2003, the first flight 777-300ER took place, and its commercial operation began on April 29, 2004, in Air France airline.
Boeing 777-300ER was the most sold model among all 777 as by the opportunities it is comparable to four-engine planes, but demands lower operational costs.
On February 15, 2005, Boeing presented one more long-range version of 777-200LR (Long Range). The first weeds this model took place on March 8, 2005. And on November 10, 2005, the plane set the world record (which was included in the Guinness Book of Records), having flown by 21,602 km without landing from Hong Kong (China) to London (Great Britain). Flight time – 22 hours 42 minutes.
On May 23, 2008, Boeing presented cargo version 777F (Freighter – “auto truck”) which was created on the basis of 777-200LR. The first flight of the plane took place on February 6, 2009. The Air France airline which began its commercial operation on February 19, 2009 became the first buyer of the plane.
Further succession of events
Boeing 777 became the second-large plane in the range Boeing, after a leader 747. Moreover, 777 I became the most profitable liner of the company. In 2000 the profit on its sales reached about 400 million dollars. In 2004 the plane brought in more incomes than 747 and 767 combined. In 2007 orders for the second generation of Boeing 777 reached 350 units, and same year Boeing declared that all production capacities on creation of the liner are occupied till 2012. Undoubtedly, it is great success, but also it wasn’t without problems. In 2008, the program of production 777 strongly lagged behind the plan, losses were estimated approximately at 95 billion dollars. In 2010, Boeing announced plans of increase in production capacities from 5 planes to 8 by 2013. Reference, on assembly of everyone 777-300ER requires 49 days.
In 2009, Boeing attentively watched Airbus and their development of the A350 XWB liner which promises to be more toplivoeffektivny, than 777 and 787. Subsequently aerodynamics and engines 777-300ER were improved.
In September, 2011, Boeing and General Electric published preliminary information on new generation of Boeing 777-8X and 777-9X. It is expected that scope of a side panel of the plane will increase from 64,8 meters to 71,3 meters. Thanks to composite materials the gross weight of the plane has to be lost from 352,000 kg to 344,000 kg (for version 777-9X).
Meanwhile, General Electric declared development of the new GE9X engine. Its diameter will be still as well as at GE90-115B (325 cm), pull-rod will make 88,000 (390kH) for version 777-8X, and 99,500 pounds (443 kH) for version 777-9X.
Rolls-Royces and Pratt & Whitney which, also, offered the services didn’t stand aside. In particular, the new RB3025 engine based on structure of Trent 1000 and Trent XWB, and also PW1000G have power to 100,000 pounds (440kH).
Today, Boeing continues studying of opportunities of the plane, and is engaged in development of the long-distance version on the basis of 777-200LR which received the working name 777-8LX. Flying range of this model of 17,560 km (in comparison with 17,400 at 777-200LR). Presumable length of an aircraft fuselage is 76,5 m, and capacity is about 407 passengers. According to preliminary data, commissioning 777-8LX is planned for 2019.
In November, 2011 assembly of 1000 of a copy 777-300ER belonging to Emirates airline began. Its presentation took place in March, 2012.
At the end of 2011, FAA appropriated to planes 777 and 787 the general (Type Rating) rating, thanks to unification of cabins, pilots can gain qualification working at both models.
Further, it isn’t excluded that planes 777 can be replaced with new family of the Boeing Yellowstone 3 liners which is based on Boeing 787 technologies.
Systems of the plane
I presented a number of the advanced technologies including in the project 777, Boeing: completely digital electroremote control system (fly-by-wire), completely programmable avionics, a glass cabin (Glass Cockpit) with the Honeywell liquid-crystal displays, fiber-optical network of avionics (which the nakommerchesky plane was carried out for the first time). At the same time, Boeing used already known developments from the cancelled project of the regional Boeing 7J7 plane which had the similar level of technologies.
The side panel of Boeing 777 has the supercritical cross-section optimized for cruiser speed 0,83 Moves (after tests the indicator was reconsidered towards increase to 0,84 Moves). The design of a side panel has the big thickness and scope, than at the previous planes that allowed to increase range and payload, to raise flight characteristics and to increase cruiser flight altitude. At start of the project 777, it was offered to develop a folding side panel (Folding wingtips) that airlines could use hangars for small planes, but any airline didn’t agree to this option.
Boeing 777, also, has the largest racks of the chassis and the biggest tires which were ever used in commercial jet liners. Each tire from the main six-wheel rack of the chassis 777-300ER can sustain loading in 27 tons that it is more, than load of the tire at the Boeing 747-400 plane.
The plane has three reserve hydraulic systems from which for landing only one is necessary.
In a side panel aerodynamic panel under the fuselage the emergency aviation turbine — the small propeller which starts from the plane at emergencies for providing the minimum current supply is located.
Boeing 777 – became the first plane in the history of the company which is equipped with an electroremote control system of fly-by-wire. However, for convenience of pilots it was decided to leave habitual shturvalny columns. Along with a traditional control system by means of steering wheels, the cabin has the simplified configuration which keeps similarity with the previous Boeing models.
The control system of fly-by-wire is also equipped with protection of parameters of flight which watches that the movements of pilots on operating levers didn’t go beyond the set limits of a flight configuration. Also, the system prevents dangerous maneuvers. However, in case of emergency need, the system can be disconnected at the command of the pilot if it is recognized as necessary.
The interior of Boeing 777, is executed in Boeing Signature Interior style, it possesses the increased regiments for baggage and indirect lighting. The configuration of chairs fluctuates from 4 among the first class to 10 in economy class. The size of windows — 380×250 mm — was the largest of all commercial airliners before emergence 787. Planning of interior allows airlines to move quickly seats, kitchens, and toilets depending on a desirable configuration. Some planes are equipped with VIP-interiors for charter flights. From features, the special attention is deserved by development of engineers of Boeing — the new hydraulic hinge of a cap of a toilet bowl which is closed slowly.
On July 7, 2011 there was a message that Boeing decided to replace Signature Interior in model 777 with a new interior from 787, according to the program of unification of all Boeing planes.
Comfortable working conditions for crew
In 2003 as an option for 777, Boeing presented vacation spots of crew. They are located over the main cabin and equipped with ladders. Vacation spots consist of two chairs and two beds in a front part of the fuselage, and also of several places in the fuselage rear. In general, similar decisions are applied also on other narrow and widebody Boeing models, including 737NG, 747-400, 757-300 and new versions 767.
Boeing 777 in all versions is the long range airliner capable to serve nonstop commercial flights lasting up to 18 watch. However, rules of various aviation regulators, professional and trade-union organizations limit time of continuous work of crew and stewards. For rest of pilots places in a business class are usually reserved or the special containers in a baggage compartment equipped with berths and communication with a cabin and interior of the plane are established. Unfortunately, similar decisions reduce the passenger capacity or volume of the transported freight. Therefore Boeing proposed the original solution — to use for this purpose space between luggage regiments and the fuselage (English-speaking engineers call this part of the plane “crown”).
On the Boeing 777-200ER planes, −200LR and −300ER in a front part of the plane over interior of the first class the compartment for rest of pilots is established. It includes two comfortable chairs, 2 or 3 berths divided by partitions a case, the TV and a wash basin. The entrance to this compartment is carried out on the ladder located at a door No. 1 (a front left door). Such decision allows to free from 4 to 7 places in a business class.
Vacation spots of stewards are equipped also in space between passenger interior and the fuselage, but in the plane rear. On versions −200ER and −200LR the entrance is carried out on a ladder in the central part of the plane, and the compartment is designed for 6 or 7 stewards. In version −300ER, the airline can order a compartment with a capacity from 6 to 10 people. The entrance depending on the number of places is carried out through a door, or in the central part of the plane (6-7 places), or in a tail (8-10 places). The compartment is equipped with berths, lighting and communication with interior.
Installation of vacation spots of crew demanded reconfiguration of nadsalonny space, retrace of cables and highways and even development of some new systems.
In cargo version 777F all internal space of the fuselage is completely occupied by load boxs therefore for rest of crew and seating of couriers 4-5 comfortable chairs behind a cabin of pilots are provided.
Boeing 777 modification
Boeing 777-200 – became the first plane in family 777. Generally this version was focused on airlines of the USA. For all history, 88 planes 777-200 were made. Commercial operation of the liner began in United Airlines airline on May 15, 1995. The main competitor of the plane is Airbus A330-300.
Boeing 777-200ER, in comparison with basic version, possesses the auxiliary fuel tanks, and also the increased take-off weight. The main destination of the plane – transatlantic flights. The maximum flying range – 14,260 km.
The first 777-200ER was transferred to British Airways airline on February 6, 1997. The main competitor of the liner is Airbus A330-300.
Boeing 777-200LR – is the most long-distance plane on the planet. Boeing called this Worldliner model, indicating a possibility of an airliner to connect practically any two airports. Version set a world record on the longest nonstop flight among commercial airliners. Flying range – 17,370 km. In a word, version is intended for superlong flights.
The plane was developed, practically, along with 777-300ER. Boeing 777-200LR has the increased maximum take-off weight and three auxiliary fuel tanks in a rear baggage compartment. Other distinctive features are new zakontsovka of a side panel, new bearing parts of the chassis and the strengthened glider. The first 777-200LR was transferred to Pakistan International Airlines airline on February 26, 2006. The main competitor of the liner is Airbus A340-500HGW.
Boeing 777-300 – is the version extended on 11 meters. Thanks to it the plane is capable to contain to 550 passengers in one-cool configuration. Initially, it was intended for replacement of outdated Boeings 747-100. In comparison with old versions 747, 777-300 has the similar passenger capacity and range, however spends less fuel for a third and has smaller operational costs for 40%.
Big length 777-300 forced developers to provide a special ski under a tail for protection against blow about the earth, and also cameras for convenience of maneuvering on the platform. The maximum flying range of 11,120 km that allows to serve strongly loaded directions on which only Boeing 747 coped earlier.
The first 777-300 was transferred to Cathay Pacific airline on May 21, 1998. By and large, among the Airbus planes there is no competitor for 777-300, however, usually call A340-600.
Boeing 777-300ER – is version with the increased maximum take-off weight and capacity. The plane possesses the extended side panel wing-end, new main racks of the chassis, the strengthened windscreen pillar and the auxiliary fuel tanks. Also, in 777-300ER were processed: fuselage, side panels, plumage and poles of engines. Turbofan GE90-115B engines, standard for this model, today, are the most powerful jet engines in the world and have the maximum pull-rod of 513 kN.
Range 777-300ER with full load is increased approximately by 34% in comparison with version 777-300. The maximum flying range of Boeing 777-300ER – 14,690 km.
The first 777-300ER was transferred to Air France airline on April 29, 2004. Airbus A340-600 is considered the main competitor. However, at the expense of two engines, 777-300ER is 8-9% more economic, than A340-600 which has 4 engines. If to compare with 747-400, then at 777-300ER fuel consumption is 20% less.
Boeing 777F – cargo version. The plane inherited a glider and engines from version 777-200LR, and a fuel reserve, as at version 777-300ER. The maximum payload in 103 t, does 777F by the direct competitor 747-200F (110 t). With the maximum load the plane has range of 9047 km. At drop of loading range can be increased. As the plane possesses the best operational characteristics in comparison with the existing cargo aircrafts, airlines plan to replace with version 777F outdated 747-200F and MD-11F.
Boeing 777 prices:
Boeing 777 300ER for sale – 315 000000 dollars US;
Boeing 777 300 for sale – 279 000000 dollars US;
Boeing 777 200LR for sale – 291 000000 dollars US;
Boeing 777 200ER for sale – 258 000000 dollars US;
Boeing 777 F for sale – 295 000000 dollars US;
Boeing 777 VIP for sale – 280 000000 dollars US;
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