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Boeing 747 for sale

 

Boeing 747 for sale information

Based on early machines series 747, Boeing 747-400 was actually an entirely new plane. And for a long time held the Palm as the most spacious passenger plane.

In the year 1984 at an Airshow in Farnborough, Boeing Company showed off its new development-advanced Boeing 747 Series 300 “. The aircraft had an increased wingspan (but without the vertical endings), reduced thanks to the use of composites on 4989 kg mass and increased to 12955 km flight range. The cabin crew of three was preserved, and for propulsion, the customer can choose the engine-brand “General Electric” or “Pratt & Whitney”. By May 1985 year of the new modification received the designation 747-400 Boeing, but soon underwent a few changes-cabin redesigned for a crew of two people.

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Boeing 747-400

The final go-ahead for the launch of the Boeing 747-400 in a series was given in October 1985, the same year he entered the starting order for the airliner from Northwest Orient “(” Northwest Airlines “). The customer chose the Pratt and Whitney turbofan engine PW4256 (then designated as PW4056), and at the same time, the plane appeared the famous winglets, and placed in the tail of another fuel tank. The alternative was to install on a new machine engines Rolls-Royce RB 211-524D4D (then a-RB 211-524 g.), the first customers became “Cathay Pacific” (June 1986), and “British Airways” (late 1986). Followed new orders from companies “Singapore Airlines”, KLM (first customer cars with General Electric CF6-80c2s) and Lufthansa (first customer model Combi).

The first 747-400, equipped with engines was vykachen of the PW4056 plant in Everett January 26, 1988 years and flew on 29 April, six weeks later than schedule because of the problems identified in the electrical system of the aircraft. A little later to the flight test and certification program had two cars. The first of them, equipped with engines CF6, took off June 27, 1988 year and on the same day, set a world record plane took off at maximum takeoff weight 404815 kg. Third 747-400 was equipped with Rolls-Royce engines and first flew on August 28, 1988 year. Guide Boeing planned to complete certification in December 1988 of the year, but the process was delayed for various reasons. However, weaknesses identified did not disappoint customers, and by the end of the year at the 1988 airplane received 168 orders from 16 airlines.

Boeing 747-400 received FAA type certification January 9, 1989 year and next month “Northwest Airlines” exhibited its new liner to line Minneapolis-Phoenix. The first flights on international routes, Boeing 747-400 began June 1, 1989 Goda-on line New York-Tokyo. The second customer new airliners has become company “Singapore Airlines”, which after trial flights May 30, 1989 year sells aircraft, named the company “Megatop”, for daily flights to London-Singapore line. The first Boeing 747-400, equipped with engines CF6, enrolled in company with KLM May 8, 1989 year and a few days later its first car won the German “Lufthansa”. June 8, 1989 year first machine equipped with Rolls-Royce engines, “Cathay Pacific”. The type certificate from the British agency CAA aircraft received only a few days later.

Along with passenger appeared and other modifications of the Boeing 747-400. So were created convertible cargo/passenger variant “Combi” and “pure” cargo version. The first customer of the Boeing 747-400 Combi became “Lufthansa”, but then the company re-issues life order for standard passenger cars and real the first customer and recipient of this modification has become company KLM (the first machine received June 30, 1989). The first ex-Boeing 747 freighter fully pluatantom-400F became company Cargolux, received its first airplane November 18, 1993 year.

Version increased capacity 747-400 d was created specially for Japanese airlines, ships had to be operated on regular routes between the major Japanese cities. The first 747-400 d was delivered to airline Japan Air Lines “October 10, 1991 year.

After news of the beginning of the development company “Airbus” sverhvmestitel’nogo new airliner, which was given the designation AZHH, workshop manual “Boeing” has taken steps to establish on the basis of the 747-400 new modifications, capable to compete with European giant. The work was done in the direction of increasing capacity and flight range, resulting in 747-400ER passenger aircraft and cargo 747-400ERF, which became rather answer to descended on the market, Airbus A340-600. Issue 747-400ER/ERF was completed by October 2009 onwards and customers became “re-sign” on the model of the 747-8 or the 777-300, although some of them still left to competitors, opting for the A380.

Design.

Boeing 747-400-chetyrehdvigatel’nyj Jet, low-wing monoplane with a classic cantilever tail unit. In its construction used primarily aluminium alloys, as well as titanium, composites and high strength steel. Fuselage semi-monocoque type, with frames (step-50.8 cm), Rails and wainscoting. The fuselage of circular cross-section with a maximum diameter of 6.5 m, and its sections are connected and vil’chatymi steel bolts. The window of the passenger compartment are located in increments, like frames, 50.8 cm, which makes it possible in a flexible layout of the cabin. In pilot cockpit glazing is formed by two curved panels at the front and four flat side. All ten main deck doors have a patented design firm Boeing. Doors open forward and outward rotated 180 degrees. Emergency ladder attaches directly to the door in the closed position and is placed on the “arming”, and under normal conditions is held by a safety device. In an emergency situation urgent doors are opened using hydraulic cylinders, traps automatically inflated, and when forced landing on water they become life-rafts.

Wing swept-37.5 degrees, cross V-7 grad, angle-2 deg. The relative thickness of the profile of 13.44% in root part-7.8% in the secondary and 8% at the ends of the wing. It has a trehlonzheronnuju structure with ribs, stringers and plating, divided Central Panel, fixed to the fuselage, and two leading edge. When assembling the wing caisson applied special titanium screws type “tjejper-Lok” with conical head, increase the fatigue strength design. The wing is equipped with powerful mechanization. Between fuselage and internal engines on the leading edge of the wing-three-section Kruger flaps are set, and on the external parts of the front edge-desjatisekcionnye. Interestingly, shields have flexible lining and when stowed would represent both a flat sheet, forming the lower surface of the wing. Using a complex system of tappets and pushrods in the issuance of guards covering bent and together with toe wing leading edge slat profile becomes. Release and cleaning flaps exercise using the pneumatic actuator. When, after landing thrust is included, all shields, to avoid damaging the reactive stream, automatically cleaned.

Boeing 747-400 is equipped with trehshhelevymi flaps deflection angles up to 33 deg. In the event of damage to the hydraulic system, the flaps can be released using the jelektroporivoda. Tailplane-svobodnonesushhee. Two keel designs with cellular lining. The ending-glass fibre reinforced plastic (GRP). Stabilizer-dvuhlonzheronnyj, removable front edges. Depending on the modifications it has various angles.

Boeing 747 have all fuel options located in seven tanks in the wing and fuselage. Their total amount-from 183380 to 210423 l. Refuelling is carried out through the neck, located under the front edge of each tip, between external and internal engines. In each of three tanks of fuel pump, fuel feed to the engine.

The entire control system-booster, dubbed 3. To control roll serve as ailerons and multi-section interceptory. Outside sections operate only at low speed, in order to avoid a large torque on the wing. Internal sections ailerons operate at cruising speed. At each polukryle are six sections spoilers, their maximum angle of 45 degrees. Handlebar rotation with cellular fiberglass two-piece roof sheathing. Wheels-height with a fiberglass covering.

Navigation equipment Boeing-747 is largely determined by the employer, and especially the various systems of the radar. Standard on all aircraft modifications include VHF, HF communications, three sets of instrument landing approach, two radiokompasa, two radiodal’nomera, unit record flight data recorder (“black box”). Unlike their fellow, Boeing 747-400 is equipped with “glass” with complex aeronautical equipment with colour multi-function displays. This set includes six screens the size of 20 x 20 cm. Two screens replace all normal navigational instruments. The other two serve as rangefinder, radar, control the flight route. The remaining two displays are used to display information about the engine and all aircraft systems.

 SPECIFICATIONS:
ModificationBoeing 747-400
Wingspan, m64.40
Aircraft length, m70.60
Aircraft height, m19.40
Wing area m2560.00
Mass, kg
empty equipped aircraft175600
Max takeoff396890
Engine type4 BY-PASS TURBOJET ENGINE General Electric CF6-80C2B5F (Pratt Whitney PW4062)
Thrust, kgf4 x 27945 (28710)
Maximum speed, km/h965
Cruising speed, km/h910
Range, km13570
Service ceiling, m
Crew, pers2
Payload416 passengers in a 3-class configuration or 524 x in 2-piece classroom configuration

 

Boeing 747-100

August 16, 1989-th became a sensation: Boeing-747 “Canberra” airline “Kvontos” achieves absolute distance record non-stop flight. From London Heathrow Airport to Sydney, he covered for 8:00 pm 9 min. the distance, in kilometres, which became 18001 original card firm Boeing. The need to build giant passenger plane has served identified in the mid-sixties the growth of air travel at 15% per year. A decade later, it increased in 3 times! Airports were crammed literally “small” aircraft. At the beginning of the firm Boeing has sought to increase the capacity of existing aircraft up to 270 passengers. But then there were competitors: “Mcdonnell-Douglas DC-8 extended and presented two options to the deployment of 260 passengers. But Boeing specialists back then was clear: without radical measures won’t do, we need a new aircraft. Start for its creation was the talk about the prospects of the Boeing-707-620 President Pan am Trippe agents firm Boeing Uajldom and Connelly.

-Of course, extend “707”, despite some risk, quite possibly enigmatically told Wilde-but we now think of another plane, a brand new and much more … Tripp felt this idea and urgently contacted President the Boeing Company Allen, saying that it is extremely needed aircraft with a capacity of 400 people. But further negotiations with a whimsical and being difficult Trippom developed for Allen in unbearable ordeal. Pan American President demands “were similar to inventions fantasist: he would like to have the aircraft with a range of non-stop flight over 9000 miles, a cruising speed, corresponding to not less than 0.9 m and when the takeoff it should not exceed 2200 m. in early 1965-Guo Pan am still contracted with Boeing the contract. Economic advisers to the firm reacted cautiously to these prerequisites and recommended that President Allen handled extremely cautiously to a proposal to build “flying elephant”. Yes and the Board of Directors of the company was in extreme disarray, saying that it is too risky undertaking. All of this eventually brought out of yourself Allen configured firmly: “no, we will build this sverhgigantskij plane, even if uhlopaem all means company!”.

The first sketches of the Boeing 747 appeared in August of 1965. Chief Designer of the aircraft was appointed Sutter. overall direction was carried out by Stajper, then Stjemper. of all engineers in the Group avanproektov most zealous proved Mjeksjem-young professional with big ambitions. He gave three options under the working indices-Boeing-747-3, 4 and 5. Mjeksjema Aircraft were similar and differ only in size. They are all sredneplany with dvuhpalubnym fuselage and tail unit classic. wing had swept 42 ° . On d them on pylons located four TURBOFANS. Chassis had nasal support with two wheels and three main legs with chetyrehkolesnymi trolleys provided Boeing 747-4 was the smallest, calculated on the 311 seats. The largest Boeing 747-433 passengers on 5. Mjeksjema but the project never went. Sredneplannaja scheme does not guarantee protection of the passengers in the lower saloons with forcedestablished the “belly” or privodnenii. Mjeksjema, however, unexpectedly supported President Pan American Tripp. He managed to convince Sutter that is exactly the kind of double-deck aircraft is required. His argument was simple: “Capacity extension of the fuselage not too zooming, but the risk of plow land tail is too large. As regards construction sredneplannoj, you can modify it. ” Sutter, gritting his heart, agreed to seek “ill-fated” Mjeksjema, resulting in the fall of 1965-Guo appeared two new projects-Boeing-747-136 and 137. Both aircraft were dvuhpalubnymi nizkoplanami. “136” calculated for 295 passengers. Nastorazhivala big machine height-18.18 m. And “137” was even greater, with a height of 21 m in this “growth” airplane could not accommodate none of the existing hangars, and Kiel was supposed to make folding.

Boeing President huffed again, “Yes what is this aircraft! -neistoval it-some flying turkeys! “. And while the President was in principle against, in January 1966-St built full-scale wooden mock-up of the Boeing-747-137 at 435 seats. Still, the draft, as expected, rejected. However, the design idea was not in place. Over time many changes have appeared in the project. At the request of the President of Pan am, fuselage lengthened to 2.54 m, maximum capacity increased to 500 people. The nose of the fuselage became rounder, cabin moved forward and it smoothed fairings not looked already some kind of “vulgar navel”. Additional Windows in the top business-class cabin. Significantly peredelalos’ wing. Designers reduced its sweep to 35°. But customer Nastaival at 40°, obviously, believing, that than more angle, so higher speed. It was accepted a compromise solution -37.5° on line a quarter of chords. Incorporated in draft shields Kruger in roles of slats. Ailerons , in view of the flexible wing, divided on sections. In end of the RACourt of takeoff weight-308.5 t. wingspan-59.66 m square-511.5 m2, length-63.6 m, height-19.8 m. Cruising speed-1000 km/h, estimated range-9600 km, ceiling-13700 m, fuel-190350 l.

Accordingly, built field layout, which in April 1966-go showed the President firm Pan Am aircraft Trippu liked and order for 25 cars he signed. 23 of them were passenger under the symbol “747-121″ and two cargo-“747-121F.” first car scheduled for release in September 1969. But a new problem arose-nowhere to build: you needed to build a new plant. The choice fell on the town of Everett in the State Washington. Construction of the plant cost the firm Boeing’s 250 million dollars. This plant became the largest in the world. In the meantime, work on the project continued. It turned out that wing when running engines subject to torsion. To loosen it, pylons made less stringent so that its engines “dancing” nowhere wing. Sutter went even further: he suggested that the outer part of the wing to give negative whirling in 3.5°, to the plane at a certain speed not teased nose. This amendment colleagues not without irony called “vyvertom Sutter”. Lot it was done for Security itself. 3 system Booster Oleta duplicated. To prevent involuntary oscillations of type “Dutch” have developed a special system of improving sustainability. chetyrehstoechnoe Applied the basic chassis, which allows to produce landing even if unreleased or damaged two of the four. In June 1966-th Board of Directors firms Boeing agreed to launch aircraft in the series. By the time on it already received 35 orders: except for pan am, they came from airlines “Jal”, Air France and Lufthansa. On the development of Boeing-747 had placed a great number of specialists: If in August 1966-St design team consisted of 500 people, at the time of completion of the factory in Everett, he has grown up to 6000.

At this time the most acute problem for the designers was to reduce the weight of the aircraft. Finalization indefinitely extended it. With the initial t 308 it grew to 312 tons, and soon up to 322-x. 400 engineers engaged in the problem of “dumping of masses”. Where possible the design implemented. From him made beam to which were attached the wing-mounted landing gear. Panels with titanium plating used in the flooring of floors. Wing design lightened at 453 kg. Closely engaged, and fine-tuning of the engine JT9B. At that time, managed to reduce its weight and increase profitability. The cravings have increased with the JT9D 19050 kgf to 21320 kgf. In September 1968 the 5th took place the presentation of the first “live” aircraft. Soon began preparing for the first flight. But it became a nuisance: cost breathalysed lateral wind as began surging, glohli motors and went down. Had to conduct additional studies. But the engines continued to refuse. Appeared even panic assumptions: when the nose landing gear will change the direction of air flow in vents and keeping Withers, engines … But test pilot Uodell was adamant. His opinion is only one: blast off! And here in February 1969-go Boeing 747 began takeoff and ran 1310 m, pulled away from the Earth. Paul Bennett, pilot escorting Boeing on fighter F-86 Sabre, approached the aircraft and flew it from all sides. Everything was OK, the engines do not smoke. According to the pilots, the plane itself was perfectly all rudders. Uodell gradually turned off first, and then a second hydraulic system, but the car continued to regularly perform the command controls, load from that though and have increased, but were quite acceptable. Airplane like “vpajalsja” threads and showed no inclination to “Dutch step”.

In March, after the removal of a minor breakdown, brought to the take-off mass 276696 kg height was reached April 8 10668 m. April 19, 1969-1072 speed km/h, and 4 may with new engines JT9D-3 with thrust on 19730 kgf-1082 speed km/h Started simultaneously fatigue tests were designed for two years. The assigned resource Boeing 747 was 6000 h and 20000 landings for 20 years. the tests were not Especially without incident.but a lot of hassle delivered engines. Nevertheless, approached the air show at Le Bourget, and the Government of the United States insisted on sending a Boeing 747 at air shows. The only machine that could safely fly to Paris, was #731RA. After some hesitation accepted the decision – fly. Before the flight of the new President of the company “Boeing” Wilson instructed the pilot-pilot Knutsena, catoromu had to drive:-If you suddenly feel that SAMolet barahlit, sit at the earliest opportunity, and spit out the honors in Le Bourget. But everything worked out. Le Bourget in-747 was exhibited at number 174. “Flying elephant” made a real sensation. According to the pilots, 747 retains all the good traditional flying qualities-simplicity and reliability management. But on Earth he still demanded increased caution: due to the very high cab, speed for pilots taxiing seemed smaller than it actually is. Besides the bow was a significant “blind spot”.

The fifth instance in-747 # 93101 in October ended up testing, but soon gave a surprise: in the time adjust the autopilot in the air on thetorvalas’ part of the wing flap and fell on FeFIA. Fortunately, there were no casualties, but 13 December normal scheduled flight ended in a crash.-747-121 flew from Everett in the Rent where the RUNWAY length 1600 m located in Lake Washington plane piloted by letch.IR Tester Presidents. When planting machine, hitting rocks on the lake shore, demolished the right chassis support, “propahala” right-wing extreme engine end lane and stopped. In January 1970-th finished static tests of b-747, destroying the plane under load. The machine was very strong: under maximum load wing tips otognulis’ up to 7 m! The plane really turned out to be reliable, but … the effectiveness of the escape, unfortunately, in the real world. In November 1980 the Korean airlines 747-producing landing at Kimpo Airport in Seoul the strongest fog, peskov on obstacle, carried the chassis and, more than a mile after passing the “belly” for the band, caught fire. But thanks to the perfect means of salvation, and primarily with the inflatable emergency stairs, of the 226 passengers aboard, 213 were rescued. The plane completely burned out. But there have been cases and becomes …

Once in-747-121 flew from San Francisco to Tokyo with 220 passengers aboard. But the pilots mistakenly taxied to a short Strip and began takeoff. At a speed of 300 km/h plane swooped on the reception of signal lights. With several pieces of corner and pipe length up to 5 metres flew from the wheels, punctured the fuselage, stuck in the cabin. Hydraulic pipelines punched were, the stabilizer spar. Also demolished and right fuselage support chassis and truck it turned out … in the cabin. The situation was seemingly hopeless. But by typing the height 750 m, pilots still managed to drain the fuel and make an emergency landing. There were no casualties, except for a few slightly passengers. “Flying elephant” had a lot of modifications. The most significant of them is worth a call. In-747A-this designation was introduced by Pan am on-747-121, equipped with JT9D-3A engines.

In the early 1970 ‘s the company Boeing came up with the idea to develop a “baby elephant”-a shortened version of “747”, designed for 200-250 seats, but with a very large range. In 1966 on a per-747-100 convertible passenger developed a draft version of the b-747-200s. Download it do not, as usual, side and front.

 Modifications:
B-747-100the first serial modification.
B-747-100V improved version “POGs”, when in-747-100 was discontinued. It differed from the original reinforced wings and fuselage, increased take-off weight up to 342 t. installed Engines of various types.
B-747-100 m this designation was assigned to the aircraft, altered in the Combi version with cargo door on the port side behind the wing. ” M » – designates ” mixed ” – mixed layout.
In-747SR option for short slopes with large loading aircraft. SR-short reindzh-small range. Was developed by request of airlines “Jal”. Different large capacity, to 537 passengers.
In-747SCA designed for transporting the space shuttle “Shuttle”. Modernization undertaken by order of the National Aerospace Agency of United States-NASA. The usual route of transportation-Edward airbase, where the shuttle is tested at the launch site at Cape Canaveral.
In-747LL two b-747-100 below it were converted specifically for testing different TURBOJET ENGINE.

 

 SPECIFICATIONS:
ModificationBoeing 747-100
Wingspan, m60.59
Aircraft length, m70.66
Aircraft height, m19.33
Wing area m2510.90
Mass, kg
empty equipped aircraft162000
Max takeoff333400
Engine type4 BY-PASS TURBOJET ENGINE Pratt Whitney JT9D-7A (GE CF6-45A2)
Thrust, kgf4 x 20925 (20925)
Maximum speed, km/h955
Cruising speed, km/h895
Range, km8700
Service ceiling, m13715
Crew, pers3
Payload366 passengers in 3-piece classroom configuration or 452 2-piece classroom configuration or 490 passengers maximum or 76800 kg commercial cargo

 

Boeing 747-8 Intercontinental

Boeing is not considered the idea of big 747 in the 90-ies of the last century. The first version of the 747-500 x and 600 x, proposed in 1996 year in Farnborough air show, had not attracted a lot of attention to the prospects for further development. In 2000 year, Boeing proposed 747 x and 747 x Stretch models in response to the Airbus A3XX (later known as the A380). Version 747 x might have a wingspan of up to 69.8 m, capacity of 430 passengers and a range of transportation at 16100 miles. The length of the 747 x Stretch, expected to bring up to 80.2 m, allowing it to carry up to 500 passengers over a distance of 14.400 km. However, these versions are not interested in airlines, although some of the ideas of the 747 x were used for the 747-400ER.

After the 747 x, Boeing was trying to improve the 747. 747-400XQLR (Quiet Long Range) was meant to have an increased range of flights (14780 km), be more economical fuel consumption and low noise level. This model also failed, but many of its features were used for the 747 Advanced.

In early 2004 the year Boeing announced tentative plans for the 747 Advanced that were eventually adopted. the Advanced 747 took many technologies from another Boeing 787 Dreamliner razrabatyvajushhegosja. November 14, 2005, the company announced that it will begin to develop the Advanced 747 project under the name the Boeing 747-8.

747-8 first 747 series aircraft lengthened. Before changing the length was subjected only shortened 747SP. 747-8 has a lot to do with the Dreamliner, including General Electric turbine close to GEnx, also it uses fly-by. Boeing said that the new aircraft would be more economical and more environmentally friendly than previous versions of the 747.

747-8 is first and foremost a competitor on long-haul routes with the Airbus A380, a full-length dvuhpalubnym aircraft operating at present. Boeing claims that their new aircraft will be more than 10 percent lighter than the A380, as well as will consume 11 percent less fuel per passenger than the Airbus’s flagship.

In February 2009 the year when interest in passenger aircraft still showed only Lufthansa, Boeing began to review prospects for 747-8 project. The Corporation considered various options, including canceling passenger project.

October 15, 2010 years have passed such tests as “Water Spray Test” were also presented the first pictures of the 747-8I.

747-8 Boeing 747 Akayev, equipped with better technology and improved aerodynamics. Both variants of the aircraft at 5.6 m longer than the 747-400. 747-8-the longest passenger airliner in the world, beyond the previous record Airbus A340-600 to 95 cm. With a maximum takeoff mass of 442 tonnes, 747-8 is the heaviest aircraft created in the history of the United States.

Compared to the 747-400, the main technical changes are in the wings, they are made from scratch. Bend of wing and its structure to reduce fuel consumption, the wing became stronger, improved aerodynamics.

The ending of the wing is similar to that used on the Boeing 777-200LR, 777-300ER and 787 and 747 Cap distinct from-400. It helps reduce turbulence and resistance, thereby lowering fuel consumption. Reduce the weight of a also helped the fly-by, which has been partially implemented in the plane.

Increased fuel capacity compared to the 747-400 obviates the need to radically change the horizontal tailplane to accommodate the additional space for fuel-cost savings. 8 shaped Kiel will remain high in 19.35 m. Some materials made from carbon fiber, which is slightly reduces the weight of the aircraft. However, structural changes in most cases, evolutionary, rather than revolutionary with respect to the 747-400. 747-8 Boeing 787 as, is equipped with a General Electric engine close to GEnx. But for 747 engine will be partially adapted to provide suction for conventional systems of the aircraft and is produced with a reduced diameter to fit under the wing of the 747.

The passenger version, dubbed 747-8 Intercontinental (intercontinental), or simply the 747-8I started built November 14, 2005 year. The aircraft is capable of carrying up to 467 passengers in a 3-class configuration over distances of more than 15000 km. In other configurations, the aircraft is capable of carrying another 51 passengers. The volume of cargo pallets has increased by 26% compared to the 747-400. Despite initial plans for a shorter passenger model, both aircraft were of equal length. The upper deck is longer than the deck of the Freighter. New engine technology and aerodynamic modifications have increased range. Boeing said that the 747-8I will be quieter and 16% more economical than the 747-400.

In 747-8 there are some changes on the decks. The most notable-curved staircase connecting the decks, and more spacious main entrance. Bardachki for hand baggage are curved, Central “bardachkovaja line” looks as if it is part of the fuselage, rather than attached as the Boeing 777. The window is the same size as the 777, and 8% more than the 747-400. Led lighting system can change shades, more reliable and reduces operating costs.

The space above the passenger cabin are used to channel the power and air conditioning. Wiring and pipes are moved aside to increase free space, in consequence, this area will not have Windows. This space can be used as a place for rest, freeing up space on the main deck for additional passenger seats.

Early in the development of Boeing also announced the introduction of a profitable program “SkyLoft” (for first class passengers). The program will include individual cabin “SkySuits” with sliding doors or curtains, beds, chairs and entertainment or business equipment. Will also be more cheap cabin version “SkyBunks”. Go to cabins, you can use a separate staircase at the rear of the aircraft. Passengers paid “SkySuites,” will be in economy class during takeoff and landing. However, in the 2007 year, Boeing decided to leave the cabin only for VIP versions. For passenger versions of the special places will be on the upper deck.

Plane 747-8 Intercontinental is superior to its predecessor, the 747-400 by:

  • operational efficiency by 12%
  • at 16% less fuel will spend
  • at 16% less carbon emissions on the armchair
  • for 30% less will create noise in the area.

The first order for the 747-8 Intercontinental VIP version committed unspecified client in May 2006 year, many believe that it is the head of one of the Middle Eastern States. Lufthansa became the first airline to requesting the 747-8 Intercontinental December 6, 2006 year. In December 2009 the year order made by Korean Air.

In November 2007 the year were claimed technical specifications, May 8, 2010 year Corporation began Assembly of the first 747-8I. Two 747-8I will take part in flight tests (this aircraft for VIP customer and Lufthansa). The first delivery of the 747-8I is scheduled for the fourth quarter of the year 2011. February 13, 2011 year in Seattle was the rolling out of a new wide-body passenger plane Boeing 747-8 Intercontinental.

At the moment, the United States Air Force looking for the replacement of Air Force One aircraft Boeing VC-25 (two heavily modified Boeing 747-200). They are interested in both the 747-8 and the Boeing 787. August 11, 2010, the Government of South Korea has indicated that it is considering the acquisition of the 747-8 as the presidential aircraft.

The first flight took place on March 20, 2011 year.

 SPECIFICATIONS:
ModificationBoeing 747-8I
Wingspan, m68.45
Aircraft length, m75.47
Aircraft height, m19.35
Wing area m2
Mass, kg
empty equipped aircraft213200
Max takeoff442000
Engine type4 BY-PASS TURBOJET ENGINE General Electric close to GEnx-2B67
Thrust, kN4 x 296
Maximum speed, km/h988
Cruising speed, km/h917
Range, km15000
Service ceiling, m13000
Crew, pers2
Payload467 passengers (class 3) or 524 (class 2) or581 (1 class)

 

Boeing 747 Dreamlifter

At the end of the year 2003 in the Corporation Boeing announced that as the Chief means of transporting Chambers and Boeing 787 Dreamliner structure elements from the factories of suppliers located around the world, in the final assembly plant in Everett, wash., will be designed and built a new wide-body transport aircraft based on the commercial model of the 747-400F. Air transportation of parts was adopted to reduce the cost and time of transportation by land and sea.

Dramatic increase in the size of the fuselage of conventional aircraft to transport bulky, poor practices in the aviation industry, it is enough to remember such projects as the Boeing Super Guppy and Airbus Beluga. For the new Boeing, which received the name of Large Cargo Freighter (LCF), a load compartment volume three times higher than the volume of standard cargo Boeing 747-400F. In the development of aircraft, in addition to the main offices of Boeing, participated the company’s Moscow Office, the American company Rocketdyne, and Gamesa Corporación Tecnológica Española. Construction of LCF were produced in Taiwan, at the facilities of the Evergreen Group, up to the year 2010 was built four cars. Used base four second-hand 747-400 (1 out of 2 of Air China, China Airlines, and 1 from Malaysia Airlines).

9 September 2006 year took place the first flight that got by that time, the new name of the Dreamlifter, name with the name of the 787 Dreamliner plane, part of which he had to carry. The certification was originally scheduled for the beginning of the year 2007, but then was pushed back to June 2007 year. Wing ending was removed to solve the problem of excessive vibration, as well as changing some other characteristics for sertificirovannija aircraft. As part of flight testing, the LCF has already started delivering part of the Dreamliner from all over the world in Everett, Washington for final assembly. United States Federal Aviation Administration has issued a certificate for the 747 LCF June 2, 2007 year. The dreamlifter committed 437 test hours in flight and 639 hours on Earth.

Because of its unusual kind of Large Cargo Freighter compared with the Oscar Mayer Wienermobile and Hughes H-4 Hercules. Hulking appearance was compounded by the fact that due to the need for the immediate testing of the first model long remained not painted, Scott Carson, President of Boeing, jokingly apologized to the father of the Boeing 747 “Joe Sutter:” sorry for what we did with your plane. ”

The second airplane, N780BA, made its first flight February 16, 2007 year. Work on a third plane began in 2007 year. The first two Dreamlifter were commissioned in 2007 year to transport parts of the 787 Dreamliner. The fourth Boeing 747 Large Cargo Freighter the Dreamlifter was commissioned in February 2010.

Delivery terms of wings for Boeing 787 from Japan declined from 30 days by sea to 8:00 flight on a 747 LCF. Despite the fact that the LCF is used solely as a transport aircraft to deliver parts of the 787, they reported in the fleet of airlines that provide service and crew, while Boeing is paying for fuel costs. American transport company Evergreen International Airlines, based in Mcminnville, operated all the Dreamlifter until August 2010 year, later aircraft were transferred to Atlas Air, which in March 2010 year has signed a nine-year contract to operate the aircraft. Evergreen International Airlines was satisfied with aircraft and is considering leasing options after graduating from Atlas Air contract.

 SPECIFICATIONS:
ModificationBoeing 747 LCF
Wingspan, m64.40
Aircraft length, m1.78
Aircraft height, m21.54
Wing area m2560.00
Mass, kg
empty equipped aircraft180530
Max takeoff364235
Engine type4 TURBOFANS Pratt Whitney PW4062
Thrust, kgf4 x 28710
Maximum speed, km/h988
Cruising speed, km/h878
Range, km7800
Service ceiling, m13000
Crew, pers2
Payload:

 

Boeing 747-400 Domestic

Boeing Model 747-400 Domestic -short-haul passenger aircraft, designed by the American firm Boeing. Boeing 747-400 Domestic-modification model 747-400 with increased pasazhirovmestimost’ju-568 passengers in 3 compartment configuration. The Boeing 747-400 Domestic, as well as on some other models, nominally installed digital computer IFOR (DADC), introspection (FMS) and Inertial navigation system (IRS) by Honeywell, one of the world leaders in this field. The plane is equipped with turbofan engines General Electric CF6-80C2B1F 20294 kgf or thrust Pratt & Whitney PW4062 thrust 20612 kgf. The same plane applied special technologies allowing to reduce the take-off and landing distance. The aircraft was first shown in 1988 year.

 SPECIFICATIONS:
ModificationBoeing 747-400 Domestic
Wingspan, m59.60
Aircraft length, m70.60
Aircraft height, m19.40
Wing area m2560.00
Mass, kg
empty equipped aircraft174400
Max takeoff378182
Engine type4 BY-PASS TURBOJET ENGINE General Electric CF6-80C2B1F (Pratt Whitney PW4062)
Thrust, kgf4 x 20294 (20612)
Maximum speed, km/h965
Cruising speed, km/h910
Range, km2905
Service ceiling, m
Crew, pers2
Payload568 passengers in a 2-piece classroom configuration

 

Boeing 747-100B

Boeing 747-100B -long-haul passenger aircraft, designed by the American firm Boeing. This modification is a variant of the 747-100 aircraft with increased takeoff weight (which necessitated structural reinforcement of the airframe and landing gear) and the possibility to use different engines thrust for 22-23 TS. For Japanese airlines JAL and all Nippon Airways specially produced modification of 747-100V SR, intended for the carriage of 550-624 passengers on routes of a length of 3000-3500 miles. 33 aircraft were built in version of SR 747-100 aircraft and-100V has served as the basis for creating different versions of passenger and cargo planes 747-200B ,-200F,-300,-400, SP and others.

The plane is set to normal avionics suite with electromechanical means data display. Complex conforms to ARINC 530 and 570. BY-PASS TURBOJET engines used on the aircraft General Electric CF6-45A2 or CF6-50E2 (Rod 21100 kgf), Pratt & Whitney JT9D-3A (19750 kgf) or JT9D-7AW (22700) Rolls-Royce RB211-524V2 (22545 kgf) or-524S2 (23390 kgf). This modification was produced serially in 1978-1984 Gg.

 SPECIFICATIONS:
ModificationBoeing 747-100B
Wingspan, m60.59
Aircraft length, m70.66
Aircraft height, m19.33
Wing area m2510.90
Mass, kg
empty equipped aircraft167800
Max takeoff340200
Engine type4 BY-PASS TURBOJET ENGINE Pratt Whitney JT9D-7AW (GE CF6-50e2)
Thrust, kgf4 x 22700 (21100)
Maximum speed, km/h955
Cruising speed, km/h895
Range, km8560
Service ceiling, m13720
Crew, pers3
Payload372 passengers in 3-piece classroom configuration or 452 2-piece classroom configuration or 490 passengers maximum or commercial cargo kg 71600

 

Boeing 747-400 Combi

Boeing Model 747-400 Combi -long-haul cargo-passenger aircraft, designed by the American firm Boeing. Boeing 747-400 Combi-modification model 747-400 with a cargo door on the port side, which could be used in passenger or cargo-and-passenger configuration, with passengers and cargo were separated movable or removable bulkhead. The Boeing 747-400 Combi, as on some other models, nominally installed digital computer IFOR (DADC), introspection (FMS) and Inertial navigation system (IRS) by Honeywell, one of the world leaders in this field. The aircraft was first seen in 1985 year. The first aircraft arrived for the company KLM Royal Dutch Airlines. 144747 Combi modifications were built, of which 58 747-400 Combi.

 SPECIFICATIONS:
ModificationBoeing 747-400 Combi
Wingspan, m64.40
Aircraft length, m118.80
Aircraft height, m19.40
Wing area m2560.00
Mass, kg
empty equipped aircraft176200
Max takeoff396890
Engine type4 BY-PASS TURBOJET ENGINE General Electric CF6-80C2B5F (Pratt Whitney PW4062)
Thrust, kgf4 x 27945 (28710)
Maximum speed, km/h965
Cruising speed, km/h910
Range, km13360
Service ceiling, m
Crew, pers2
Payload410 passengers in 3-piece classroom configuration or 266 passengers and cargo 7 to 14 containers type LD-1

 

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