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Airbus A380 for sale

 

Airbus A380 for sale information

Years of production: 2004 — the present.

Length: 67,90 m.

Height: 24,09 m.

Wingspan: 79,75 m.

The area covered: 845 m.

Diameter of the fuselage: 7,14 m.

Cruiser speed: 900 km/h.

Maximum speed: 1020 km/h.

Flying range: 15200 km.

Ceiling: 13100 m.

Running start length: 2050 m.

Run length: 2900 m.

Number of passenger seats: 480 – 853 places

Crew: 4 persons

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More about Airbus A380 for sale

Airbus A380 — the widebody double-deck four-engine turbojet passenger plane created by Airbus S.A.S concern. — the largest serial airliner in the world (height of 24 meters, length of 80 meters, scope of a side panel of 80 meters). Capacity — 525 passengers in interior of three classes, 853 passengers in a one-class configuration. Can make non-stop flights on distance to 15 400 km.

History

Assembly of Airbus A380 of the liner began in 1994 under the A3XX code and continued within 10 years. Desire of the developer to expand the range of the products, and also to deprive of Boeing of an ascendent position in a segment of widebody passenger planes was the purpose of creation of Airbus A380 (more than 30 years in this segment 747 dominated). McDonnell Douglas pursued the same aims with the — as a result unsuccessful — the MD-12 project. As both firms were going to build the successor to the Boeing 747, they knew that in a segment of the consumer market — planes on 600 — 800 passazhiro-places — there will be a place only for one similar plane.

Everyone knew about risk of split of the similar specialized market that Lockheed L-1011 Tristar and the MD DC-10 was visually shown: both planes met requirements of the market, but the market with advantage could sustain only one of models that as a result forced Lockheed to abandon the market of civil aviation.

In January, 1993 the Boeing and some more companies from consortium Airbus started the analysis of economic feasibility of creation of very large airliner for passenger and freight transportation (Very Large Commercial Transport (VLCT)), seeking to create partnership to divide the market of limited capacity.

In June, 1994 Airbus began development of own VLCT, having given it the temporary designation Airbus 3XX. Airbus considered several projects, including a combination from two fuselages from Airbus A340 which was then the largest Airbus aircraft. At the same time the Boeing considered the concept with “hump” closer to a plane nose that would allow to accomodate more passengers. Partnership according to the VLCT program ended in 1996. And in January, 1997 the Boeing closed up the program of the Boeing 747X in connection with the East Asian economic crisis of 1997 — 2000 which eclipsed the prospects of the market. Airbus changed the project towards drop of operational costs to 15-20% in comparison with Boing-747-400 existing at that time.

Airbus 380 prices:

Airbus A 380 for sale – 350 000000 USD;

Airbus A 380 800 for sale – 403 000000 USD;

Airbus A 380 900 for sale – 437 000000 USD;

Airbus A 380 Cargo for sale – 410 000000 USD;

Airbus A 380 Private jet for sale – 330 000000 USD;

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Design of A3XX agreed on completely double-deck constructive concept that would allow to provide bigger passenger load, than standard one-decked option or “humpbacked” option, similar to the Boeing-747.

On December 19, 2000 the board of directors of recently reorganized Airbus voted for start of the A3XX program and estimated the cost of the program at €8,8 billion. A3XX at last received full designation as A380. Already then 55 orders from 6 customers were received. The designation A380 is a gap between the previous “Airbus” designated in the sequence from A300 to A340. The designation A380 was chosen for the reason that figure 8 reminds a lateral section of this double-deck plane. Besides number 8 is considered “happy” in some Asian countries customers. The final configuration of the plane was approved at the beginning of 2001, and production of the first components of a side panel A380 started on January 23, 2002. The cost of the program grew to €11 billion when the first plane was finished.

Production of accessories for the plane

Fragments of fuselage A380glavnye structural sections of an airliner were under construction at the enterprises in France, Great Britain, Germany and Spain. Because of their sizes to Toulouse they were transported not by the A300-600 Beluga plane (used for transportation of details for other Airbus planes), but the land and water transport though some parts were transported by means of our domestic An-124 planes.

Front and rear sections of the fuselage were loaded by a horizontal mode on the vessel belonging to Airbus “Ville de Bordeaux” in Hamburg and from there went to Great Britain. Extension housings of a side panel were made in Filtona (suburb of Bristol) and in Bravtin in Northern Wales from where by the barge were brought to Mastin where “Ville de Bordeaux” immersed them together with already available sections aboard the vessel. Then behind even some sections the vessel came into Saint Nazaire in the Western France and, further, the vessel unloaded in Bordeaux. Then the vessel accepted aboard the heel of the fuselage and section of a tail in Cadiz and brought them in Bordeaux. From there parts A380 were transported on the barge in Langon (in Gironde) and further on the ground to the assembly shop in Toulouse. For delivery of parts A380 some roads were expanded, new ports and barges are constructed. After all this planes went to Hamburg where were equipped and painted.

Each A380 requires 3600 liters of paint to cover 3100 m ² coverings.

Carrying out tests

Airbus A380 presentation in Toulouse (France) Five A380 were constructed for demonstration and testing. The first A380, serial number MSN001 and registration F-WWOW, was presented at a ceremony in Toulouse on January 18, 2005.

The first flight began at 8:29 on UTC (10:29 local time) on April 27, 2005. This plane equipped with Trent-900 engines flew up from the international airport of Toulouse with flight crew in 6 people led by the pilot-tester Jacque Rosy. The plane successfully landed in 3 hours and 54 minutes. On December 1, 2005 A380 reached the maximum speed in 0,96 Moves (against cruiser speed in 0,85 Moves) at a flat dive, thereby having begun a series of test flights of the operational modes of flight directed to probe of range.

On January 10, 2006, A380 made the first transatlantic flight, having arrived to Medellin (Colombia) to check the plane for work at the mountain airport then flew in Ikaluit, the capital of Nunavuta (Canada), for testing in cold weather conditions.

At the beginning of 2006 during the static tests which were taking place on aircraft factory in Toulouse, the side panel of one of A380 (MSN5000) unexpectedly burst at achievement of loading of 145% from nominal while according to standards of aviation safety it has to maintain loading in 150% of nominal.

The management of consortium Airbus made the decision to make changes to A380 side panel design with the purpose to increase its strength. The strengthening elements in total increased plane glider weight by 30 kg from which 14 kg were the share of fastening bolts.

On March 26, 2006 A380 underwent evacuation certification in Hamburg (Germany). While in total from 16 exits 8 it was blocked, 853 passengers and 20 crew members were evacuated in 78 seconds at requirements for standards of certification of evacuation of 90 seconds. Three days later the European agency of safe aircraft (EASA) and Federal steering of aircraft of the USA (FAA) gave the approval on a possibility of transportation of Airbus A380 to 853 passengers. On August 25, 2006 the first flight of A380 with GP 7200 engines took place (the plane with serial number MSN 009).

On September 4, 2006 the first flight test of A380 with passengers onboard from a series of the flights made with the purpose to check comfortableness and quality of passenger services took place. The plane took off from Toulouse with 474 employees of Airbus onboard. In November, 2006 many test flights for the purpose of check of operability of the plane in the conditions of the standard operational mode on an airline took place. On December 12 the A380-841 model and the A380-842 model at the integrated ceremony in the French headquarters of the company received certificates from EASA and FAA. The A380-861 model received the certificate on December 14, 2007.

For February, 2008, five A380 flew in total 4565 hours and made 1364 flights including check for work on airlines and demonstration flights.

Production and delivery

At the initial stage production Airbus A380 was complicated by the fact that on each plane it was required to lay 530 kilometers of a wiring. Airbus, in particular, referred to complexity of a layer pad of conducting in the pilot’s cabin (100 000 wires and 40 300 connecting), on the fact that this separate, parallel project has to meet requirements of each airline, on control of changes in a design and control of changes of technical documentation. The German and Spanish plants Airbus continued use of the software of the CATIA of version 4 whereas British and French passed to the CATIA of version 5. It, at least partially, caused some problems in the field of control of changes in a design as the layer pad of aluminum electrical wires demanded observance of special rules, including use of non-standard units of measure and radiuses of a bend: problems were connected with the fact that versions ON (CATIA) worked under different platforms.

Announced the first delay of Airbus in June, 2005 and I notified airlines that deliveries will be late for 6 months. It reduced the number of planned deliveries by the end of 2009 with 120 to 100-90. On June 13, 2006 Airbus announced the second delay in graphics of delivery for six-seven more months. Though the first delivery was planned for the end of 2006, deliveries in 2007 were reduced by only 7 planes, and by the end of 2009 till 80-70. Such announcement caused 26% fall of the stocks EADS, “parent” of Airbus, and led to departure from the job of the CEO of EADS Noel Forgrid, the general director of Airbus Gustav Humbert and the head of the A380 program Charles Chempyon. On October 3 the new CEO of Airbus after end of the review of the program announced the third delay, having removed the first delivery for October, 2007.

In 2008 12 planes were put, in 2009 it is delivered to customers of 14 planes, in 2010 — 27, and since 2011 it is planned to establish annual production norm in 45 planes.

The delay also increased the shortage of the income assumed by Airbus till 2010 to €4.8 billion.

As Airbus made works on A380-800 more priority, than over A380-800F (the cargo version), orders for A380-800F either were cancelled, or exchanged on orders of A380-800. Airbus suspended works on cargoship, but declared that cargo A380 still remains estimated.

Commissioning

The first sold plane (MSN003, serial number: 9V-SKA) it was handed over to the customer on October 15, 2007 after a long phase of acceptance tests and I arrived on service on October 25, 2007, having made commercial flight between Singapore and Sydney (number of flight: SQ380).

2 months later the president of the Singapore Airlines company Chiu Chongg Seng declared that A380 works better, than it was expected, and consumes on the passenger 20% less fuel, than available for the Boeings 747 company — 400. The second A380 for “Singapore Airlines” (MSN005) was transferred to Airbus on January 11, 2008 and registered as 9V-SKB. Till March 18, 2008 “Singapore Airlines” steered two planes in a 471-seater configuration when flying between Singapore and Sydney.

After receipt of the third plane it was decided to expand quantity of aero routes with a route Singapore-London. On March 18, 2008 A380 “Singapore Airlines” is successful villages in Heathrow airport (London), having made thereby the first commercial departure of the plane to Europe.

The fourth A380 “Singapore Airlines” which went into the disposal the companies since April (9V-SKD) 26 flies along a route Singapore-Tokyo since May 20.

I called perspective routes of “Singapore Airlines” the following: Singapore — San Francisco, direct flights to Paris and Frankfurt, a route Hong Kong, Melbourne — Singapore.

On January 25, 2008 A380 (MSN014) “Qantas” (the second airline which ordered A380) made the first flight. “Qantas” declared what will use originally A380 in a 450-seater configuration, on the route Melbourne-Los Angeles. The subsequent routes can include Sydney — Los Angeles, and Melbourne-London, Sydney-London.

Project

The new airbus was planned to be on sale in two versions. Version of A380-800 was initially intended for transportation of 555 passengers in a configuration with three classes of comfort, or 853 passengers (538 on the main deck and 315 on the main deck) in a configuration with one economy class. In May, 2007 Airbus began to offer clients the plane with smaller number of passenger seats (now 525 places in three classes) in exchange for the flying range increased by 370 km better to correspond to tendencies in seating of passengers of a premium class. Flying range for the A380-800 model makes 15400 km. The second, cargo, version of A380-800F will be capable to transport to 150 tons of freight on distance to 10370 km. Future options can include A380-900 with the increased number of places — to 656 passengers (or to 960 passengers at uniform economy class), and versions with the increased flying range with the same passenger capacity, as A380-800.

The TrentXWB2-01 engine on Airbus A380razmer of a side panel A380 is calculated on the maximum take-off weight over 650 tons, with a view to future versions though the side panel and will be required to strengthen a little. The strengthened side panel will be used in cargo version of A380-800F. As a result of such general design approach fuel efficiency of passenger version of A380-800, but by Airbus estimates decreases a little, the plane size together with the new technologies described below will be led to the fact that operation cost counting on one passenger will be lower, than at any of the existing versions of Boeing-747.

A380 also has trailer wings (vingleta) similar to what can be seen at A310 and A320, for reduction of a turbulent trace, improvement of profitability and flight characteristics.

Cabin of pilots

The cabin of Airbus A380podobnoye uses an arrangement of a cabin, the procedure and flight characteristics of Airbus also on other planes to reduce costs of training of crew.

In A380 the improved glass cabin and remote control of wheels by means of the electric drives connected with a side control knob.

Display units in a crew cabin: 9 interchangeable liquid crystal monitors of 20х15 cm. From 9 monitors 2 — indicators of navigation data, 2 — the main indicators of flight data, 2 indicators of operation of engines, 1 displays data on current state of all system in general and 2 multipurpose.

Engines

A380 can be equipped with two types of engines: A380-841, A380-842 and A380-843F — the Rolls-Royce Trent 900 engine, and A380-861,A380-862,A380-863F,A380-864F — the Engine Alliance GP7000 engine. Trent 900 is a successor of Trent 800, GP7000 conducts the beginning from GE90 and PW4000. At the heart of the Trent 900 is the smasshtabirovanny Trent 500 version, but he also uses technologies from deadborn Trent 8104. Only two of four engines are supplied with a pull-rod reverse.

Drop of noise level was the important requirement at design of A380 which partially was reflected also in a design of engines. Both types of engines allow the plane to satisfy to restrictions on noisiness of QC/2 at departure and QC/0.5 at arrival, established by the London Heathrow airport which presumably will become the key destination of A380.

Fuel

A380A380 can fly on a mixture of aviation kerosene with GTL from natural gas. Three-hour test flight on February 1, 2008 between the enterprise of the Airbus company in Filton Bristol in Great Britain and the main plant Airbus in Toulouse, (France), was successful.

One of four A380 engines used a mixture from 60 percent of aviation kerosene and 40 percent of the GTL fuel delivered “Shell”.

The plane doesn’t demand version for use of GTL fuel which is intended for commixing with usual jet fuel. GTL doesn’t contain sulfur joints, than favourably differs from usual kerosene.

The improved materials

In a design of the airbus A380 composite materials — the metals and plastic reinforced by fiber glass, carbon and quartz fiber are widely used. The new welded aluminum alloys are also widely used that, in a combination to welding by a laser beam, allowed to get rid of rivets. In January, 2012 on the case of side panels microcracks were found.

Conditions for passengers

Bars in Airbus A380uroven of noise in interior of A380 are 50% less, than at Boeing 747, also in the plane more high pressure of air is supported (equal to pressure at the height of 1500 meters against 2500 at 747). Both of these factors presumably will promote reduction of fatigue of passengers at a travel. The top and lower decks are connected by two ladders, in nasal and tail parts of the plane, rather wide that two passengers shoulder to shoulder were located on them. In a configuration with 555 passengers of A380 has 33% more passenger seats, than Boeing 747 — 400 in a standard configuration with three classes, but the interior has 50% more space and the volume therefore more place is the share of one passenger. The maximum certified plane capacity — 853 passengers at a configuration with uniform economy class. The announced configurations have number of passenger seats from 450 (for Qantas Airways) to 644 (for Emirates Airline, with two classes of comfort).

Land operation

Earlier critics claimed that because of the weight A380 can damage rulezhny paths of the airport. However pressure which is put by liner wheels upon a surface less, than at Boeing 747 or Boeing 777 as at A380 22 wheels that is 4 more, than at the 747th, and eight more, than at the 777th. Airbus measured load of a road carpet by means of the special 580-ton vehicle with freight constructed for imitation of the A380 chassis. The vehicle was rolled on the site of a road carpet where pressure control devices were placed.

Airbus A380iskhodya from scope of a side panel of A380, the Federal administration initially classified it by aircraft of the USA as the plane of Group VI which requires a runway 60 meters wide and rulezhny paths 30 meters wide, against 45 and 23 from Group V to which Boeing 747 concerns. Airbus initially declared that A380 will be able safely to function on runways and the rulezhnykh Group V paths, without demanding their expansion. In July, 2007 FAA and the European Security agency of Aircraft (EASA) agreed to allow A380 to use runways 45 meters wide without restrictions.

The Moscow airport “Domodedovo” became the first airport in Russia which could accept the Airbus A380 plane on the runways. Such order was published by Federal Air Transport Agency.

A380-700

Airbus A380A380-700 earlier known as A3XX-50R, is the A380-800 version with a capacity up to 481 passenger shortened on 4 meters and the maximum range about 16 thousand km. The prospects of implementation of this project are very doubtful — A380-700 will become the direct competitor of Boeing 747-8 and will hardly collect many orders because of bigger cost. Its length is 69 m.

A380-800

Basic model. A380-841 and 842 versions with the Trent 900 engine. A380-861 and A380-862 of the version with the GP72XX engine. Length is 73 meters.

A380-900

A380-900 earlier known as Airbus A3XX-200, is at a project stage. Exceeds length of basic model a little more than on 7 m (that, in case of implementation of the project, will make A380 and the longest plane in the world) — 80 m. The maximum take-off weight will make 590 tons, more powerful engines will increase flight distance to 14200 km. The maximum passenger capacity of 963 people in one class and 656 in three classes. Version interested Emirates, Air France, Lufthansa and other avikompaniya. Airbus declared that they will begin to build the plane after establishing release of A380-800 and plans to begin operation in 2015. It will be exhausted in one A380-941 option.

A380-1000

A380-1000 offered in 2010 will have length of 87 meters and to accomodate 1073 passengers with one economy class and 757 in three classes. The beginning of operation is planned for 2020 — 2025. It will be the longest plane and second-large in the world (the first An-225 of Mriya is). Its scope of a side panel will be equal to 84 meters. It will be exhausted in one A380-1041 option.

A380-800F

Originally Airbus took orders for cargo option. The offered plane conceded on loading capacity only to An-225. However the prozvodstvo was postponed until stabilization of sales of the passenger version, and now terms of the beginning of production of the cargo version aren’t called.

Advantages

Economy class A380pomimo of granting a number of the advantages caused by absolutely new design of a glider A380 rasprostrayat the concept of family of the unified planes Airbus on category of superhigh-capacity planes.

Thanks to identical configuration of cabins of crew, identical procedures of steering and flight characteristics of the planes Airbus equipped with an electroremote control system, the pilots who are already certified on steering of one of types of such planes will need to complete a short course of retraining to get the admission on steering of A380.

Airbus designed A380 in close interaction with representatives of 60 largest world airports to provide sure input of this plane in commercial operation.

Use of A380 is socially reasonable and economic mode to cope with growth of volume of passenger traffic and congestion of the airports.

Increase in frequencies of departure of the operated planes can become an alternative to it that will demand not only multi-billion investments into construction of new runways, terminals and even the airports, but also will cause still big congestion and will make more negative impact on the environment.

The point of view of Airbus on this matter, are fully confirmed as broad participation of representatives of the world industry of air transport in works on the A380 program since its beginning, and, more obviously, existence of great demand on the new plane.

Cabin of the first class in A380 it was designed with the assistance of the main world airlines so that he optimum answered the increasing passenger traffic on the main world routes of big extent such as Dubai-London, Sydney-Los Angeles, the Tokyo-western coast of the USA. But in the forthcoming 20 years new segments of the market of transportations which service will require high-capacity planes will appear and will get stronger. Among them there is first of all China and India where the economy will develop especially dynamically and more and more people will be able to fly abroad.

Taking into account that the increasing part of the population of the planet chooses for business visits and trips on rest flights along routes of big extent, use of A380 will give to airlines an opportunity to transport more passengers without the need for payment of additional “slots” in schedules of the flights.

As of February 28, 2011 in general 43 A380 planes were sold. 244 units are ordered.

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Airbus ACJ-380 for sale

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